Gilmer County, Georgia Genealogy and History

Welcome to Gilmer County, Georgia Genealogy and History website. Our names are Dennis Partridge and Judy White, and we are the host of this county website. We welcome you and request your participation! If you have questions, please ask. If you can provide data for Gilmer County, Georgia then please do! This website is affiliated with The American History and Genealogy Project (AHGP)  and Georgia AHGP.

Gilmer County is a county located in the U.S. State of Georgia. As of 2000, the population is 23,456. The county’s county seat is Ellijay, Georgia. Gilmer County was formed December 3, 1832 from part of Cherokee County. Gilmer County is in the north Georgia mountains and is bordered by Murray, Fannin, Dawson, Pickens and Gordon counties.

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Gilmer County Genealogy

Gilmer County Geography

Gilmer County geography According to the U.S. Census Bureau – the county has a total area of 1,118 km² (432 mi²). 1,105 km² (427 mi²) of it is land and 13 km² (5 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.19% water.Demographics As of the census of 2000, there are 23,456 people, 9,071 households, and 6,694 families residing in the county. The population density is 21/km² (55/mi²). There are 11,924 housing units at an average density of 11/km² (28/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 93.63% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.26% Pacific Islander, 3.76% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. 7.74% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. There are 9,071 households out of which 30.90% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.10% are married couples living together, 8.40% have a female householder with no husband present, and 26.20% are non-families. 22.20% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.60% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.57 and the average family size is 2.96. In the county the population is spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 103.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 101.30 males. The median income for a household in the county is $35,140, and the median income for a family is $38,863. Males have a median income of $29,198 versus $21,070 for females. The per capita income for the county is $17,147. 12.50% of the population and 9.30% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 12.60% are under the age of 18 and 16.90% are 65 or older.

As it was in 1854 Gilmer is a county in the North part of Georgia, bordering on Tennessee, has an area of 792 square miles. It is intersected in the N. E. part by the Tocoa river, and also drained by the head waters of the Connasauga, Coosawattee, and Ellijay rivers. The names of the principal creeks are Talking Rock, Mountain Town, and Carticay. The surface is diversified by mountain ridges connected with the Blue Ridge, and is remarkable for picturesque scenery. Some of these elevations are known as the Cohuttah, Frog, Bald, Tallona, and Sharptop mountains. The soil of the valleys is fertile, and the highlands produce pasture. Indian corn, oats, rye, and potatoes are the staples. In 1850, this county produced 214,193 bushels of corn; 24,894 of oats, and 20,097 of sweet potatoes. There were 2 grist mills, 3 saw mills, and 1 tannery. It contained 10 churches, 205 pupils attending public schools, and 30 attending an academy. Gilmer county is remarkably rich in minerals. Gold mines are worked in several places, and are productive. Many persons are employed in quarrying marble, which is of fine quality; and the county contains an abundance of good iron. Named in honor of George R. Gilmer, who was governor of Georgia in 1830. Capital (County Seat) is Ellijay. Population, 8440, of whom 8240 were free, and 200 were slaves.

Page 429, New and Complete Gazetteer of the United States. Baldwin, Thomas and J. Thomas, M.D. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Grambo, & Co., 1854.

3 thoughts on “Gilmer County, Georgia Genealogy and History”


    My name is Tom Roberts and I currently live in Warrenton, Virginia.. I was born in Atlanta in 1943 and lived there until my work transferred me to Flordia in 1979. After living in Florida, I moved to Virginia in 1996 and back to Atlanta in 2006. Since retiring in 2020 I have started working on my family’s genealogy. Many of my relatives were born and lived in Ellijay. My father, John Z. Roberts, Grandfather, Garrett Zimeri Roberts, Great Grandfather, James Tilman Roberts, and Great-Great Grandfather, Garrett Monroe Roberts, all lived in Ellijay or Gilmer County at one time or another. Can you guide me to the proper internet sources to further my research in the Ellijay area? Your help in this task will be greatly appreciated.

  2. Good Afternoon!
    I am looking for pre 1920 information on an Oscar Lawrence Holcombe who married in 1919 to Ethel Chapman. Prior to 1920, I cannot find him on any census record in the southeast. He was supposedly born in Copper Hill, TN around 1891, but family stories suggest this might not have been his given name. Any help would be appreciated.

  3. Looking for anyone with info on Maxwell Jones husband of Mary Elizabeth Jophnson. His Father was Samuel W. Jones husband of Abba Delisa Allen.
    Mack was an alias used after the Civil War I think. I have found his wifes application for widows benefits stating he was in Ralston’s unit that surrendered at Adairsville at the end of the war.

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